DB Hall of Fame

SOLO  FLIGHT

THE  CHARLIE  CHRISTIAN  LEGACY

DB Hall of Fame


 

 

WHOLLY CATS
 
mx  CO 29027-2
 
NOVEMBER  7,  1940     Thursday Columbia Studios,  NYC
 

 
  12-BAR  BLUES Key of   G Quarter Note =   212 Time:   2:58
 
 
  2-Bar  Intro  +  13  CHORUSES:
 
    2 bars  –  piano (Intro)
 
    2 chor  –  muted trumpet (over CC & ens theme riffs)
 
    2 chor  –  tenor sax
 
    2 chor  –  piano (accomp by guitar, bass, drums)
 
    2 chor  –  CC (over ens riffs)
 
    2 chor  –  clarinet
 
    2 chor  –  muted trumpet (over CC & ens riffs)
 
    1 chor  –  CC & ensemble (theme riffs)
 
 

 
Personnel:
 
  Benny Goodman and his Sextet
  CHARLIE CHRISTIAN Guitar
  GEORGIE AULD tenor sax
  BENNY GOODMAN clarinet
  COOTIE WILLIAMS trumpet
  COUNT BASIE piano
  ARTIE BERNSTEIN bass
  HARRY JAEGER drums
 
 

Composed by: Benny Goodman
 
©   VALDÉS   10/6/18


 

Take Six:     Wholly Cats    CO 29027-2

 



C&A:

The recording of this tune marks the first of the mini-marathon recording dates at the Columbia studios during the rest of 1940 through the first month of the following year.  Much of the material from these sessions was first released on CD in 1993 on the Jazz Unlimited (Denmark) label with the title “The Rehearsal Sessions • 1940-41 • Featuring Charlie Christian” some of which had been on LPs from several labels two decades earlier.

Charlie Christian had been recorded once before on Wholly Cats, just ten days earlier, but with a very different cast and in a different key.  These six studio takes seem like a completely different tune.  Charles is allotted only two blues choruses (in the key of G) on which to solo whereas on the previous date, a rehearsal, he got three choruses (in C).

CO 29027-W   (take 1)
Charles begins his solo with a duplicate of his AC-DC Current guitar intro.  The solo on this initial take is mostly variations on phrases heard before, but there’s no lack of enthusiasm … although the racket from the horns in their backing riffs just clouds over the featured voice.

CO 29027-X   (take 2)
The sextet has settled down now on the second take.  The riffing during Charles’ solo seems more organized and CC himself takes a smoother solo with longer lines and more purpose.  Still coasting on the first chorus before he goes on a tear on the second.

CO 29027-Y   (take 3)
The clarinet is now practically the only horn riffing behind the guitar solo so that has cleared up most of the clutter.  Charles seems to be fully energized now.  He plays a favorite dom-7 run on mm 5-6 that he engenders to sound refreshingly new.  Charles is now treating the dominant D7 bars (mm 9-10) as a subdominant C7 section in the first chorus of his two-chorus solo – and here he delays playing the last G measures (mm 11-12) for almost a full bar giving them just four quick notes.  His second chorus (m 7) contains a super-fast version of some familiar downward arpeggios.

CO 29027-z   (breakdown–no solo)
After the intro and trumpet solo, this fourth take breaks down at the start of the tenor sax solo.

CO 29027-1   (take 5)
All the horns are back again on the riffs behind Charles’ solo.  His first chorus is somewhat subdued.  He starts a phrase at bar 5 the runs back into a repeat – coasting a bit here.  But on the second chorus CC lets go with some rather spectacular slides.  And tops the solo off with dramatic G°7 effects.  The sequence in bar 10 of the second chorus is a D7 version of the C7 in bar 5 but he starts it out in a very unorthodox manner.

CO 29027-2   (take 6)
The original 22 November 1940 release of this tune, on Columbia 35810, was of the fifth take (CO 29027-1) but some later pressings included this last take which contains, overall, Charlie Christian’s better solo.

 


 
Issued Recordings:
 
  [ 78 ] Columbia 35810  * (b/w Royal Garden Blues)
 
  [ LP ] CBS 460612 1 (side A, track 7)
    Columbia CJ 40846 (side A, track 7)
    Columbia CJ 40886 (side A, track 6)
    Time-Life STL-J05 (side E, track 3)
 
  [ CD ] Black Bird Black Bird (track 2)
    Catfish KATCD196 (track 8)
    CBS 460612 2 (track 7)
    Collectors’ Choice CCM 3592 2 (disc 4, track 12)
    Columbia 501646 2 (track 7)
    Columbia/Legacy AC4K 65564 (disc 2, track 9)
    Columbia/Legacy C4K 65564 (disc 2, track 9)
    Columbia CK 40846 (track 7)
    Columbia CK 40886 (track 6)
    Columbia CK 91494 (track 7)
    Definitive DRCD11288 (track 7)
    Edel 093692ERE (track 15)
    Fabulous / Acrobat FABCD352 (track 11)
    Giants of Jazz 53049 (track 9)
    Going for a Song GFS561 (track 12)
    History 20.1960-HI [see Album Index]
    History 20.1969-HI [see Album Index]
    Jazz Forever 67041 (track 13)
    Jazz Greats MC 027 (track 6)
    Jazz Portraits 14545 (track 13)
    Jazz Roots 56059 (track 13)
    Jazzterdays JTD 102410 (track 14)
    JSP Records JSP911 (disc 3, track 9)
    Le Jazz / Charly CD 11 (track 11)
    Masters of Jazz MJCD 44 (track 19)
    Masters of Jazz MJCD 9004 (disc 4, track 19)
    Membran 222777 [see Album Index]
    Membran 222800 [see Album Index]
    Membran 232094 [see Album Index]
    Membran 232568 [see Album Index]
    Membran 233423 [see Album Index]
    Naxos Jazz Legends 8.120768 (track 15)
    Past Perfect 205798-203 (track 15)
    Proper P1134 (track 16)
    Proper PROPERBOX 9 (disc 2, track 16)
    SME / Sony SRCS 9612 (track 7)
    Sony/Legacy 93035 (disc 2, track 9)
    Topaz / Pavilion TPZ 1017 (track 14)
    Universe UV 129/2 (disc 1, track 19)
 
  *  Most copies of  [ 78 ]  Columbia 35810  contain take CO 29027-1.
   Some copies of  [ 78 ]  Columbia 35810  contain take CO 29027-2.
 

 



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