DB Hall of Fame



DB Hall of Fame



mx  CO 29028-1
NOVEMBER  7,  1940     Thursday Columbia Studios,  NYC

  12-BAR  BLUES Key of   F / B Quarter Note =   198 Time:   3:00
  4  CHORUSES (in F)  +  4-Bar Interlude (in B)  +  8  CHORUSES (in B):
      In the Key of F:
    24 bars  –  trumpet (Verse)
      4 bars  –  trumpet, clarinet, piano (Refrain)
    8 bars  –  CC
      4 bars  –  sax, trumpet, clarinet, piano (Refrain)
    8 bars  –  CC
      In the Key of B:
      4 bars  –  trumpet (Interlude – chorus intro)
  12 bars  –  CC & ensemble (Theme Riffs)
  12 bars  –  trumpet (over CC & ensemble – Theme Riffs)
  12 bars  –  trumpet (over CC & ensemble riffs)
  12 bars  –  piano (over CC riffs)
  48 bars  –  clarinet (over CC & ensemble riffs)

  Benny Goodman and his Sextet
  GEORGIE AULD tenor sax
  BENNY GOODMAN clarinet

Composed by: Clarence Williams – Spencer Williams
©   VALDÉS   11/11/18


Royal Garden Blues   take 3                                      mx CO 29028-1

Page One:        Guitar Solos

Page Two:        Theme Riffs

Page Three:      Riffs   (on trumpet, piano, clarinet solos)

Page Four:        Riffs   (on clarinet solos)



Royal Garden Blues features Cootie Williams and his trumpet on his second day of his brand new contract with the band.  He is also featured later in the session on the intro to Benny’s Bugle (on which CC gets much more solo space than on this one) which was used again by the sextet unlike Royal Garden Blues which was only recorded on this one session.

Charlie Christian gets only 8 bars on two choruses but he swings like all get-out and performs very well in the short space-time allocated – there’s just not much to comment on since there’s no way to develop a meaningful solo within this brief duration.  Charles admirably makes the most of it and also makes his presence known on the riffs.  The riffs, by the way, are somewhat liberally interpreted by all.

CO 29028-2   (take 1)
Charles immediately finds a fitting opening for his solo following the 4-bar refrain played consecutively by the trumpet, clarinet, and piano.  Both solos are revisits to familiar panoplies with wonderful new trimmings and accessories.

  LISTEN   Guitar Solo – first take    

CO 29028-3   (take 2)
The guitar solo opening is the same as on the first take but then gradually deviates via a different, less adventuresome path.  On the second solo chorus only the details are different from the first take.
A chorus of riffs is added after the trumpet solo on this second take.

  LISTEN   Guitar Solo – second take

CO 29028-1   (take 3 – master)
Charles’ opening statement leaves no doubt that this is a blues.  Since this solo is so similar to the others, the interest again is on the details.  And, oh yeah, we have some headline news here on this master take:  Charles misses his triplet on the first beat of bar nine of the second chorus.
The chorus after the trumpet solo on this particular take is changed to a sort of piano solo which, guitar solos aside, makes this the best take – Charles riffing with Basie, bass, drums.

  LISTEN   Guitar Solo – master take

This may not be one of the more favored CC tunes but the swingin’ guitar solos and riffing are a joy and worth a close listen.  The solos on Royal Garden Blues are not identical but do generally conform to the same basic pattern.  Charles’ pro tem “composed” solos fit in perfectly with what is a well-done, most-likely-“head” arrangement.  Comparing the details in the three versions gives a good insight on the ontogenesis of his solos – at least, on this tune.

The leader’s screeching clarinet solos, though, may well be his worse work with the sextet during Charles’ tenure.  The clarinetist is probably attempting to generate some excitement into his solos but, to this listener, he falls far short of his goal and just sounds rather frenzied with no direction or purpose.  This is not the Goodman of the elegant ballad melodies.  Joe Guy sounded more coherent and tasteful at the Minton sessions.  But then, this discord may only be this reviewer’s idiosyncratic aversion to shrill sounds such as nails scraping across a chalkboard.  Even so, it’s surprising that he and Columbia would approve it for actual release.

In any case, it’s interesting to hear how Charlie Christian enhances his masterful riffing by continually varying the syncopation, note/rest duration, and emphasis in his phrasing.  This sort of variety is applied to all his riffing throughout his recorded legacy.


Issued Recordings:
  [ 78 ] Columbia 35810 (b/w Wholly Cats)
  [ LP ] CBS 177.057 (side A, track 8)
    CBS 460612 1 (side A, track 8)
    CBS 62.581 (side B, track 4)
    CBS 62581 (side B, track 4)
    CBS BPG 62581 (side B, track 4)
    CBS LSP 980 721-1 (side A, track 8)
    CBS / Sony 56AP 674~6 (side D, track 4)
    CBS / Sony SOPZ4~6 (side D, track 4)
    Columbia CJ 40846 (side A, track 8)
    Jazz Document va-7997 (side B, track 2)
  [ CD ] Acrobat ACTRCD 9103 (disc 3, track 8)
    Armando Curcio Editore DEJ-54 (track 8)
    Avid AVC 530 (track 12)
    Best of Jazz 4032 (track 15)
    Catfish KATCD196 (track 16)
    CBS 460612 2 (track 8)
    Chestnut CN1003 (track 20)
    Classics 1131 (track 20)
    Columbia 501646 2 (track 8)
    Columbia/Legacy AC4K 65564 (disc 2, track 10)
    Columbia/Legacy C4K 65564 (disc 2, track 10)
    Columbia/Legacy CK 40846 (track 8)
    Columbia/Legacy CK 91494 (track 8)
    DeAgostini MJ 1032-1 (track 10)
    Definitive DRCD11176 (disc 3, track 2)
    Definitive DRCD11288 (track 8)
    Edel 0193692ERE (track 16)
    Editions Atlas WIS CD 688 (track 11)
    Fabulous / Acrobat FABCD352 (track 12)
    FD Music / EPM < 15183 2 (disc 2, track 2)
    Giants of Jazz 53049 (track 7)
    Going for a Song GFS561 (track 15)
    History 20.1960-HI [see Album Index]
    History 20.1969-HI [see Album Index]
    Jazz Archives / EPM 15817 2 (track 16)
    Jazz Archives / EPM 15908 2 (track 11)
    Jazz Archives / EPM CAD 466 (track 8)
    Jazz Forever 67041 (track 10)
    Jazz Greats MC 027 (track 2)
    Jazz Legends 4003 (track 19)
    Jazz Portraits 14545 (track 10)
    Jazz Roots 56059 (track 10)
    Jazz Unlimited JUCD 2013 (track 7)
    JSP Records JSP911 (disc 3, track 9)
    Le Jazz / Charly CD 11 (track 12)
    Masters of Jazz MJCD 67 (track 3)
    Membran 222777 [see Album Index]
    Membran 222800 [see Album Index]
    Membran 232094 [see Album Index]
    Membran 232568 [see Album Index]
    Membran 233423 [see Album Index]
    Past Perfectd 205798-203 (track 14)
    Phontastic PHONT 7660 (track 6)
    Proper P1490 (track 6)
    Proper PROPERBOX 98 (disc 2, track 6)
    SME / Sony SRCS 9612 (track 8)
    Sony/Legacy 93035 (disc 2, track 10)
    Universe UV 129/2 (disc 1, track 20)


Home ] Up ]



This Web site is designed and managed by




Copyright © LeoValdes 1998

All text and images in this site protected by copyright laws.
No text or images (including transcriptions) may be copied, reused, or altered without written permission from the owner of this site.